Tuesday, August 29, 2017

Know Your Terpenoids : What Is A Terpenoid ?


What is a Terpenoid?


Something in the aroma of cannabis soothes the mind, body, and arouses the senses. So in this article I mean to arouse your mind and further educate you on the producer of these aromas - Terpenes.  Knowing your terpenes will deepen your appreciation of cannabis whether you're a recreational consumer, medical patient, or just one desiring further knowledge on such an amazing and delicious plant. 

Not unlike other strong-smelling flowers and plants, the development of terpenes in cannabis began for adaptive purposes : to lure pollinators and repel predators.  There are many factors that influence a plant's development of terpenes, including climate, weather, age and maturation, fertilizers, soil and nutrients, how much open sun and even time of day.


Terpenoids, also called isoprenoids, are a large and diverse class of naturally ocurring organic chemicals similar to terpenes.  These terpenoids derived from five-carbo isoprene units assembled and altered in thousands of ways. Majority are multi cyclic structures that differ from one another not only in their basic carbon skeletons but also in their functional groups.  These lipids, any of a class of organic compounds that are fatty acids or their derivatives and are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents, can be found in all classes of living things, and are the largest group of natural products.  Around 60% of known natural products are terpenoids.


Secreted in the same glands that produce cannabinoids, like THC and CBD, terpenes are the pungent oils that color cannabis varieties with distinctive flavors like citrus, berry, mint, and pine.  Plant terpenoids are used extensively for their aromatic qualities and play a role in traditional herbal remedies.  Many of these herbal remedies can probably be found existing in your home or products in your home today.


Terpenoids contribute to :


The Scent Of :

Eucalyptus



Lavender 




The Flavors Of :

Cinnamon


Cloves 


Ginger 


Coffee




And The Colors Of :

the yellow in sunflowers


the red color in tomatoes



The most well-known terpenoids include menthol, citral, camphor, salvinorin A in the plant Salvia divinorum, ginkgolide and bilobalide found in Ginko biloba, the curcuminioids found in mustard seed and turmeric, and the cannabinoids found in cannabis. 

Cannabinoids are a class of terpenophenolic compounds, part phenol and part terpenoid.  All phenols are aromatic hydrocarbons, which means they have a very pronounced scent.  Terpenoids are compounds related to terpenes but may have molecules rearranged or also include oxygen; the terms are often used interchangeably.  The different combinations of terpenes and cannabinoids found in cannabis are what give strains their distinct flavors and scents, as well as their medicinal properties. 

Just like terpenes, the terpenoids can be classified according to the number of isoprene units used and can also be classified to the number of cyclic structures they contain.  Over 100 different terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant, and every strain tends toward a unique terpene type and composition.  









We have introduced the diverse palate of impressive cannabis flavors, but arguably the most fascinating characteristic of terpenes is their ability to interact synergistically with other compounds in the plant, like cannabinoids.  This synergy is known as "Whole Plant Medicine" or the "Cannabis Entourage Effect."  In the last few decades, most cannabis varieties have been bred to contain high or higher  levels of THC, and as a result, other cannabinoids like CBD, CBG, CBC have fallen to just trace amounts.  This has led many to believe that terpenes may play a key role in distinguishing the effects of various strains of cannabis.

As stated earlier in this article, cannabinoids are a terpenophenolic compound, sub-set of terpenes.  Since cannabinoids and terpenes are related it would come to no surprise that terpenes would trigger the body's endo-cannabinoid receptors.  A 2008 study, first identified the terpenoid caryophllene as a cannabinoid.  That same study also found it had numerous medicinal benefits, including anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancerous and local anesthetic effects.  Some sources speculate that beta-caryophyllene is so powerful it could threaten existing pharmaceuticals, and synthetic cannabinoids currently being developed, which could be why the terpene beta-caryopyllene is so heavily studied.







Thank you for reading this article and your interest on learning more about Terpenoids and their effects.  If this article succeeded in arousing your mind with knowledge about terpenes and helped deepen your appreciation of cannabis then be sure to check out other articles on my website www.DeliciouslyDee.com or click on the suggested links below and PLEASE SHARE with a friend to help SPREAD AWARENESS. - #CannabisIsMedicine 


Also check out these Terpenes - Know Your Terpenes : 


















** IMPORTANT NOTE :  Each batch is subject to variable growing conditions, meaning NOT every batch of any given strain will have high levels of these terpenes.  The only way to be certain is through a lab's terpene analysis found on label of patients prescription.





** To learn how to cook with cannabis and maximize the benefits of the healing attributes , download my cannabis cookbook - 


DELICIOUSLY DEE
THE HAPPY CHEF
expert cannabis cookbook
- LAUNCHED APRIL 20, 2017 - 


And a special thanks to :

@MissRadReefer
@DNA_Genetics
@DigiPathLabs

for their contributions to make this cookbook extra delicious! 




SOURCES :


www.PubMed.com
www.theleafonline.com 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caenorhabditis_elegans
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24999220
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11482764
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22717234
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/131363.php
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22326488
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24488604https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypoxia_(medical)
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24930711
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18053325
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paclitaxel
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24370994
http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/papers/23747418
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21356367
https://www.leafly.com/news/cannabis-101/terpenes-the-flavors-of-cannabis-aromatherapy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terpenoid

EXAMPLE PHOTOS FROM :

Purchased at Stock Images
Miss Rad Reefer Company (IG @missradreefer )
http://www.healthline.com/nutrition/11-proven-benefits-of-ginger
http://www.drax.com/cloves
http://www.facefitnesscenter.com/6969/cinnamon-spice-daily-routine/

About Me

My photo

Birth name Danielle Russell, friends and colleagues call her Dee.  Dee has been making medibles or medicinal edibles with cannabis from 2006 to present.  In 2014 she published the first edition of her cannabis cookbook, The Happy Chef THC, including hip-hop album “The Prescription” from hip-hop artist and MMJ patient B-Real of Cypress Hill. The year 2015 was the year of legalization for medical marijuana for the state of Nevada.  Dee worked as a Canna Chef in the first licensed MMJ Production Kitchen in the state of Nevada located in the fabulous city of Las Vegas - she still continues to make her edibles for the patients in the state today.

Are edibles not your thing?  Maybe you had a bad edible cannabis experience?  Eat too much or not enough - trouble dosing?  Or - perhaps you enjoy cooking with the plant and/or have an interest in joining the cannabis industry as a Canna Chef in an MMK Production Lab.  In with case, HER LATEST CANNA COOKBOOK IS THE ONE YOU NEED!!  Check out her latest EXPERT CANNABIS COOKBOOK - Deliciously Dee The Happy Chef Expert Cannabis Cookbook.  (available on Amazon & iBooks)